Genetic risk tool could aid early diagnosis and treatment of multiple sclerosis patients

A new genetic risk tool could help diagnose multiple sclerosis (MS) earlier in young adults with optic neuritis, potentially preventing blindness. Optic neuritis is often a precursor to MS, and early treatment could improve long-term health outcomes. Research combining genetic risk for MS with demographic factors has shown promise in predicting MS risk in individuals presenting with optic neuritis. Identifying those at high risk could lead to earlier treatment, while those at low risk could avoid harmful steroids. The study, published in Nature Communications, highlights the potential for precision genetic diagnosis to improve patient outcomes, potentially delaying the onset of MS.

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