Smoking and lung cancer—70 long years on

Last week marked the 70th anniversary of the UK government recognizing that smoking causes lung cancer. Cases of lung cancer had increased significantly since the end of World War I, and epidemiological work by Richard Doll and Austin Bradford Hill solidified the link between smoking and the disease. The response to this risk was muted,…

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Expert explains why early treatment is important

Dr. Sarosh Irani, a neurologist and researcher at Mayo Clinic, explains the importance of early treatment for encephalitis, a disease involving inflammation of the brain. Encephalitis can be caused by infections or immune system issues, with two primary types: infectious and autoimmune. Symptoms can develop quickly and include headache, fever, and more severe manifestations such…

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Novel genetic locations associated with primary open-angle glaucoma identified

An international study has identified new genetic locations associated with primary open-angle glaucoma. It uses multiancestry biobanks and millions of samples from around the world. The findings, published in Cell Reports Medicine, detail ancestry and sex-specific genetic loci associated with POAG. It identified 17 new genetic loci associated with glaucoma, five of which were specific…

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Women Get More Health Benefits From Exercise Than Men

A recent study published in Cardiology has suggested that exercise benefits women more than men; conclusions are based on findings involving 400,000 survey respondents. Women who exercise regularly reduced their risk of early death by 24%, while men had only a 15% risk reduction. The benefits extended to protection from heart problems and strokes, further…

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FDA Approves Iloprost for Severe Frostbite

The FDA has approved iloprost injection for treating severe frostbite in adults to reduce the risk of amputation. A randomized trial showed that iloprost alone had a 0% risk of amputation based on bone scans, compared to 60% with buflomedil on day 7. The most common adverse events with iloprost are headache, flushing, heart palpitations,…

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