Cognitive behavioral therapy alters brain activity in children with anxiety, study shows

A study conducted by the National Institutes of Health showed that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can have a positive impact on anxiety disorders in children, by improving both clinical symptoms as well as brain functioning. The findings of the study reveal that CBT led to a decrease in anxiety symptoms and improved brain connectivity, particularly in the frontal and parietal regions, which are important for cognitive and regulatory functions. However, there are still brain regions, particularly in the amygdala, that show persistent higher activity even after treatment, suggesting the need for more research and improved targeted treatment strategies. The study marks a significant step towards enhancing anxiety treatment and clinical outcomes.

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