Adenotonsillectomy Doesn’t Better Cognitive Function in Kids

A study published in JAMA found that children with mild sleep disordered breathing (SDB) did not show improvement in executive function or attention after undergoing adenotonsillectomy compared to those who did not have the surgery. The study followed 458 children with mild SDB, and while the primary outcomes did not show significant improvement, several secondary outcomes improved over 12 months. These included behavior, symptom burden, quality of life, blood pressure, and apnea hypopnea index. Adverse events related to perioperative complications were observed in the surgery group, but no long-term consequences were noted. The study was led by Susan Redline, MD, and was supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

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