Zinc Dyshomeostasis in Cardiomyocytes after Acute Hypoxia/Reoxygenation.
Biol Trace Elem Res. 2017 Sep;179(1):117-129
Authors: Bodiga VL, Thokala S, Kovur SM, Bodiga S
Zinc dyshomeostasis may play a role in the pathogenesis of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. The objective of this study was to investigate the expression profile of zinc regulated transporter like- and iron-regulated transporter-like proteins (ZIPs) and zinc transporter proteins (ZnTs) in cardiomyocytes and their modulation in response to hypoxia and reoxygenation. Adult rat ventricular myocytes (ARVMs) were subjected to 6 h of hypoxia, followed by 18 h of reoxygenation. Intracellular and extracellular zinc concentrations were determined using Fluozin-3 and Newport Green fluorescence, respectively. Expression of ZnTs 1, 2, 5, and 9 along with ZIPs 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, and 14 was detectable in the cardiomyocytes by real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Hypoxia elicited accumulation of intracellular free zinc, but subsequent reoxygenation resulted in striking loss of intracellular free zinc and decreased the cardiomyocyte viability. Concomitantly, extracellular zinc levels dropped rapidly during hypoxia, but increased after reoxygenation. Immunoblotting analysis revealed that hypoxia increased the expression of ZnT1, but reoxygenation significantly increased the expression of ZnTs 2 and 5. Neither hypoxia nor reoxygenation altered the levels of ZnT9. Increased intracellular zinc at the end of hypoxia is related to enhanced expression of ZIPs, whereas decreased intracellular zinc during reoxygenation appears to be due to lowered expression of all ZIPs, in addition to elevated levels of ZnTs 2 and 5. These results thus suggest that there is impaired accumulation of intracellular zinc during reoxygenation, due to overexpression of specific ZnTs and downregulation of ZIP expression.
PMID: 28181174 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]