Sudden sensorineural hearing loss in atypical Cogan’s syndrome: A case report.

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss in atypical Cogan’s syndrome: A case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2018 Jun;30:50-53

Authors: Treviño González JL, Soto-Galindo GA, Moreno Sales R, Morales Del Ángel JA

The Cogan’s syndrome (CS) is a very uncommon inflammatory condition that appears in young adults without a gender predisposition. It can be presented as typical, with interstitial non-syphilitic keratitis and Ménière-like audiovestibular manifestations. An atypical form of CS involves uveitis, scleritis, episcleritis, and systemic vascuitis symptoms. This is a case of a 41-year old male who reported eye redness, photophobia, and gait instability. His condition progressed to a sudden sensorineural hearing loss, tinnitus, and constant vertigo accompanied by cephalea. He was evaluated by the Otolaryngology, Ophthalmology, and Neurology departments giving rise to CS, Ménière’s syndrome, acoustic neuroma, glaucoma, multiple sclerosis, and meningioma as differential diagnoses. The patient was prescribed with oral and intravenous steroids, ophthalmic antibiotics and steroids, as well as oral omeprazole. The patient was discharged, without his eye manifestations, and for his clinical progress and underwent conventional and speech audiometry, otoacoustic emissions, nystagmography, tympanometry, and auditory steady-state response, that showed a vestibular disfunction and a severe sensorineural hearing loss. His follow-up, six months later resulted with a normal vestibular function and an improvement from severe to mild sensorineural hearing loss. The Cogan’s syndrome is a rare condition which can leave the patient with permanent incapacitating secuelae including profound hearing loss. Effective treatment is necessary to avoid complications and improve the patient’s condition and life quality.

PMID: 30023055 [PubMed]

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