Robotic versus laparoscopic radical hysterectomy in early cervical cancer: A case matched control study.

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Robotic versus laparoscopic radical hysterectomy in early cervical cancer: A case matched control study.

Eur J Surg Oncol. 2018 06;44(6):754-759

Authors: Gallotta V, Conte C, Federico A, Vizzielli G, Gueli Alletti S, Tortorella L, Pedone Anchora L, Cosentino F, Chiantera V, Fagotti A, D’Indinosante M, Pelligra S, Scambia G, Ferrandina G

BACKGROUND: This study aims at evaluating the feasibility, surgical outcome and oncological results observed after robotic radical hysterectomy (RH) compared to laparoscopy for patients with early stage cervical cancer (ECC) patients.
METHODS: Between January 2010 and October 2016, 210 patients underwent RH for treatment of ECC: 70 underwent robotic approach (Cases), and 140 underwent laparoscopic approach (Controls).
RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference between the two approaches with regard to clinical patient characteristics and in terms of extent of RH and rate of pelvic and aortic lymphadenectomy. Operative time was significantly longer in the robotic versus laparoscopic group (median = 243 min, range 90-612 versus median = 210 min, range 80-660; p value = 0.008). Conversion to laparotomy was necessary in 4 patients (1.9%) in the whole series. No difference was found in terms of intraoperative and postoperative complications between the two groups. Overall, during the observation period, 34 (16.2%) patients experienced any grade postoperative complications, and 21 (10.0%) had >G2 complications. The 3-yr DFS was 88.0% versus 84.0% in robotic and laparoscopic group, respectively (p value = 0.866). Central and/or lateral pelvic disease represented the most common site of relapse. The 3-yr OS was 90.8% in patients underwent robotic RH versus 94.0% in patients underwent laparoscopic RH (p value = 0.924).
CONCLUSIONS: The present study shows the equivalence of robotic and laparoscopic approaches to radical surgery of ECC patients, in terms of perioperative and postoperative outcomes with equivalent survival figures, and thus the choice of approach can be tailored to the choice of patient and surgeon.

PMID: 29422253 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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