Robotic Adrenalectomy: Are We Expanding the Indications of Minimally Invasive Surgery?

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Robotic Adrenalectomy: Are We Expanding the Indications of Minimally Invasive Surgery?

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2018 Sep 28;:

Authors: Quadri P, Esposito S, Coleoglou A, Danielson KK, Masrur M, Giulianotti PC

INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) is accepted as the gold standard treatment for most adrenal pathologies. Open surgery is still considered the standard of care for large tumors and malignancies. In the past decade, robotic adrenalectomy (RA) has become an alternative to the laparoscopic and open approaches. The aim of this study was to analyze perioperative and postoperative outcomes in a series of consecutive nonselected patients undergoing a RA, to determine whether factors that negatively affect outcomes in LA (body mass index [BMI], size, and side of the tumor) have the same impact in RA.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a single-center single-surgeon retrospective study with 43 patients who underwent a RA. Patients were divided into different groups according to tumor size (cutoff values of 5 or 8 cm), tumor side (left/right), and BMI (cutoff value of kg/m2). Perioperative and postoperative outcomes included operative time, length of hospital stay, blood loss, readmissions, complications, and conversions to open.
RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the groups with tumors <5 cm versus ≥5 cm regarding gender, age, race, BMI, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, history of previous abdominal surgery, tumor side, and histopathological diagnosis (all P values ≥.06). There were no significant differences in any of the outcomes analyzed with respect to the tumor size (all P values ≥.14) except for a higher occurrence of complications in patients with tumors ≥8 cm versus <8 cm (P = .03). There were no significant differences in any outcomes related to side (left versus right) of the tumor nor BMI (<30 versus ≥30 kg/m2). The overall readmission and conversion rates were both 2.3% and no mortalities were registered.
CONCLUSION: Patient’s BMI, tumor side, and size did not demonstrate a negative impact on perioperative and postoperative outcomes of RA. This approach could potentially expand the indications of minimally invasive surgery.

PMID: 30265584 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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