“Pulmonary embolism diagnostics of pregnant patients: What is the recommended clinical pathway considering the clinical value and associated radiation risks of available imaging tests?”
Phys Med. 2017 Nov;43:178-185
Authors: Papadakis GZ, Karantanas AH, Perisinakis K
Pulmonary embolism (PE) during pregnancy remains the leading preventable cause of maternal morbidity and mortality in the developed countries. Diagnosis of PE in pregnant patients is a challenging clinical problem, since pregnancy-related physiologic changes can mimic signs and symptoms of PE. Patient mismanagement may result into unjustified anticoagulant treatment or unnecessary imaging tests involving contrast-related or/and radiation-related risks for both the expectant mother and embryo/fetus. On the other hand, missing or delaying diagnosis of PE could lead to life-threatening conditions for both the mother and the embryo/fetus. Thus, a timely and accurate diagnostic approach is required for the optimal management of pregnant patients with suspected PE. Aim of the current review is to discuss a pregnancy-specific clinical pathway for the early diagnosis of PE with non-ionizing radiation- and ionizing radiation-based imaging modalities taking into account previously reported data on diagnostic value of available imaging tests, and radiation related concerns.
PMID: 28760505 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]