PACAP38-Mediated Bladder Afferent Nerve Activity Hyperexcitability and Ca2+ Activity in Urothelial Cells from Mice.
J Mol Neurosci. 2018 Jul 19;:
Authors: Heppner TJ, Hennig GW, Nelson MT, May V, Vizzard MA
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP; Adcyap1) and its cognate PAC1 receptor (Adcyap1r1) have tissue-specific distributions in the lower urinary tract (LUT). The afferent limb of the micturition reflex is often compromised following bladder injury, disease, and inflammatory conditions. We have previously demonstrated that PACAP signaling contributes to increased voiding frequency and decreased bladder capacity with cystitis. Thus, the present studies investigated the sensory components (e.g., urothelial cells, bladder afferent nerves) of the urinary bladder that may underlie the pathophysiology of aberrant PACAP activation. We utilized bladder-pelvic nerve preparations and urothelial sheet preparations to characterize PACAP-induced bladder afferent nerve discharge with distention and PACAP-induced Ca2+ activity, respectively. We determined that PACAP38 (100 nM) significantly (p ≤ 0.01) increased bladder afferent nerve activity with distention that was blocked with a PAC1/VPAC2 receptor antagonist PACAP6-38 (300 nM). PACAP38 (100 nM) also increased Ca2+ activity in urothelial cells over that observed in control preparations. Taken together, these results establish a role for PACAP signaling in bladder sensory components (e.g., urothelial cells, bladder afferent nerves) that may ultimately facilitate increased voiding frequency.
PMID: 30022438 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]