Is it conceivable to still perform the cut and sew Cox maze III procedure in the current era?
Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Jul 13;:
Authors: Atik FA, Gomes GG, Rodrigues FF, Jreige A, Gali WL, da Cunha CR, Sarabanda AV
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether cut and sew Cox maze III procedure is still associated with adequate safety endpoints when performed in conjunction with other open-heart procedures.
METHODS: Between January 2008 and January 2015, 113 consecutive adult patients were submitted to cut and sew Cox maze III procedure in association with other operations for structural heart disease. Mean age was 49 years and 80 (70.8%) were females. Long-standing persistent or persistent atrial fibrillation has occurred in 87.6% and rheumatic heart disease in 80.7%. Valve surgery was performed in 98.2%. The number of associated procedures was correlated with morbidity and hospital mortality.
RESULTS: Overall mean cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic cross clamping times were 129±26 and 105±23 minutes, respectively. Hospital mortality was 1.77%, re-exploration for bleeding 0.9%, cerebrovascular accident 1.8% and acute renal failure requiring hemodialysis 2.6%. The greater number of associated procedures did not correlate with poorer safety outcomes. Permanent pacemaker was required in 18.2% of those with three associated procedures, as opposed to 4% with two procedures and no requirement with one procedure (P=.01). Frequency of sinus rhythm was 88%, 88% and 85% at 6, 12 and 24 months, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: In a contemporary single-center cohort of predominantly rheumatic patients, the surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation associated with structural heart disease by means of cut and sew Cox maze III procedure is safe, with low morbidity and mortality rates. Surgical complexity, defined by number of associated procedures, did not translate into poorer safety endpoints, except for greater need of permanent pacemaker.
PMID: 30012370 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]