Factors Predicting the Need for Surgery of the Opposite Side After Unilateral Evacuation of Bilateral Chronic Subdural Hematomas.
Neurosurgery. 2018 Sep 27;:
Authors: Motiei-Langroudi R, Thomas AJ, Ascanio L, Alturki A, Papavassiliou E, Kasper EM, Arle J, Alterman RL, Ogilvy CS, Stippler M
BACKGROUND: Patients with bilateral chronic subdural hematoma (bCSDH) undergo unilateral evacuation for the large or symptomatic side because the contralateral hematoma is either small or asymptomatic. However, the contralateral hematoma may subsequently grow and require evacuation.
OBJECTIVE: To characterize factors that predict contralateral hematoma growth and need for evacuation.
METHODS: A retrospective study on 128 surgically treated bCSDHs.
RESULTS: Fifty-one and 77 were bilaterally and unilaterally evacuated, respectively. Glasgow Coma Scale was lower and midline shift was higher in those evacuated unilaterally compared to those evacuated bilaterally. Hematoma size was a significant determinant of decision for unilateral vs bilateral evacuation. The contralateral side needed evacuation at a later stage in 7 cases (9.1%). There was no significant difference in terms of reoperation rate between those evacuated unilaterally and bilaterally. Greater contralateral hematoma thickness on the first postoperative day computed tomography (CT) and more postoperative midline shift reversal had higher rates of operation in the opposite side. There was no difference between the daily pace of hematoma decrease in the operated and nonoperated sides (0.7% decrease per day vs 0.9% for the operated and nonoperated sides, respectively).
CONCLUSION: Results of this study show that most bCSDHs evacuated unilaterally do not experience growth in the nonoperated side and unilateral evacuation results in hematoma resolution for both sides in most cases. Hematoma thickness on the opposite side on the first postoperative day CT and amount of midline shift reversal after surgery are the most important factors predicting the need for surgery on the opposite side.
PMID: 30265326 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]