Detection of Tannerella forsythia bspA and prtH genotypes among periodontitis patients and healthy subjects-A case-Control study.
Arch Oral Biol. 2018 Sep 24;96:178-181
Authors: Mahalakshmi K, Krishnan P, Chandrasekaran SC
BACKGROUND: T. forsythia a gram negative, anaerobe inhabits the mature biofilm present at sites expressing progressive periodontitis. It is a part of “red complex” group which contributes to the pathogenesis of periodontitis. The BspA protein and prtH gene encoded cysteine protease play a vital role in the virulence of T. forsythia. The present study aims to detect the two genotypes (bspA and prtH) in periodontitis and healthy subjects.
MATERIALS & METHOD: Subgingival plaque samples were collected from periodontitis patients and healthy subjects (Chronic Periodontitis n = 128, Aggressive Periodontitis n = 72, healthy subjects n = 200). The samples were screened for the presence of T. forsythia 16S rRNA, bspA and prtH genotypes by Polymerase Chain Reaction. The prevalence of the genotypes between periodontitis patients and healthy subjects was compared with Pearson’s Chi-square test. A P value of < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.
RESULTS: The prevalence for T. forsythia in Chronic Periodontitis (n = 128), Aggressive Periodontitis (n = 72) and health (n = 200) was 73.4%, 59.7% and 10.5% respectively. The prevalence of T.forsythia bspA/prtH genotypes was 81.90%/43.60%, 88.40%/53.50% and 33.30%/14.3% in Chronic Periodontitis, aggressive Periodontitis and health respectively. Compared to healthy subjects, the odds of detecting T.forsythia 16S rRNA was 18.53 times high in individuals with periodontitis (P = 0.0001).
CONCLUSION: The high odds ratio of T.forsythia 16S rRNA among periodontitis strongly suggests its role in periodontitis. In addition, the high prevalence of T. forsythia bspA genotype among Chronic Periodontitis signifies it as a useful marker for chronic periodontitis.
PMID: 30268559 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]