Dementia prevalence, care arrangement, and access to care in Lebanon: A pilot study.
Alzheimers Dement. 2017 Dec;13(12):1317-1326
Authors: Phung KTT, Chaaya M, Prince M, Atweh S, El Asmar K, Karam G, Khoury RM, Ghandour L, Ghusn H, Nielsen TR, Waldemar G
INTRODUCTION: In North Africa and the Middle East, studies about dementia prevalence are scarce. A pilot study was conducted in Lebanon to assess dementia prevalence, using the Arabic-validated 10/66 Dementia Research Group (DRG) diagnostic assessment for case ascertainment. The study also examined care arrangement and access to care.
METHODS: A random sample of 502 persons older than 65 years and their informant were recruited from Beirut and Mount Lebanon governorates through multistage cluster sampling.
RESULTS: The crude and age-standardized dementia prevalences were 7.4% and 9.0%, respectively. People with dementia were mainly cared for by relatives at home. Access to formal care was very limited.
DISCUSSION: Dementia prevalence in Lebanon ranks high within the global range of estimates. These first evidence-based data about disease burden and barriers to care serve to raise awareness and call for social and health care reform to tackle the dementia epidemic in Lebanon and in North Africa and the Middle East.
PMID: 28579315 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]