[Biliary atresia and congenital cholestatic syndromes : Characteristics before, after and during transition].
Internist (Berl). 2018 Sep 27;:
Authors: Junge N, Dingemann J, Petersen C, Manns MP, Richter N, Klempnauer J, Baumann U, Schneider A
BACKGROUND: A growing number of patients with biliary atresia and congenital cholestatic syndromes are reaching adulthood. These patients often have a number of typical medical features, including specific characteristics of liver transplantation medicine.
OBJECTIVE: What are the special features in the care of adults suffering from liver diseases with manifestation in childhood and adolescence, both before and after liver transplantation (LTX). How does the progression of individual diseases differ depending on age at manifestation? What are specific aspects following pediatric LTX?
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Evaluation and discussion of existing guidelines and recommendations of the individual disciplines and professional societies as well as the current literature. Joint discussion of the recommendations between disciplines (gastroenterology, pediatric gastroenterology, surgery). Inclusion of center-specific experiences with transition from existing transition outpatient departments and training.
RESULTS: The recommendations are presented specifically for each disease. Special features in individual diseases after LTX are also discussed. Diagnosis-independent general treatment concepts for cholestasis and chronic liver disease are presented.
CONCLUSION: Patients with biliary atresia and congenital cholestatic syndromes have a life-long chronic liver disease with and without LTX and require specific medical care. The patients benefit from the pooling of expertise in the individual disciplines.
PMID: 30264190 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]