Late-stage study finds menopause drug fezolinetant safely reduces hot flushes for almost six months

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Fezolinetant reduces the frequency and severity of hot flushes during menopause for 24 weeks, without serious side effects, according to research presented at the 26th European Congress of Endocrinology, held 11–14 May, in Stockholm. These findings provide further evidence of the benefits of using this non-hormonal preventative drug in women experiencing hot flushes during menopause.

Hot flushes and night sweats, also known as (VMS), affect up to 80% of women going through menopause and can severely impact daily life, exercise and sleep. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the most effective treatment, but these drugs are not suitable for some women, such as survivors of endocrine cancer or those who have untreated high blood pressure; and others choose not to take them mainly due to the potential side effects.

The new type of non-hormonal drug, fezolinetant—approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in 2023—acts directly on the temperature-control pathway and alleviates these symptoms. Specifically, it works by blocking a brain protein called neurokinin-3 (NK-3), involved in regulating body temperature. But unlike hormone therapy which replaces estrogen, fezolinetant will not alleviate other such as mood changes or vaginal dryness.

Previous late-stage (SKYLIGHT 1 and SKYLIGHT 2) have shown that fezolinetant reduces both the frequency and severity of hot flushes in women with moderate or severe symptoms compared to placebo over 12 weeks. This Phase IIIb study, known as DAYLIGHT, investigated the effect of fezolinetant use over 24 weeks.

Researchers examined 453 menopausal women aged 40–65 with moderate or severe hot flushes who were unsuitable for , after giving them 45mg of fezolinetant or placebo, and found that women who took fezolinetant had less frequent and severe hot flushes throughout the 24 weeks.

Women taking fezolinetant had consistently fewer hot flushes in the first week, with the strongest decrease during the first three days. The severity of their was also reduced dramatically by the drug in the first week from the second day. No were found for the 45mg fezolinetant dose over the 24 weeks.

“DAYLIGHT is the first study of fezolinetant to investigate placebo-controlled efficacy over 24 weeks,” said Professor Antonio Cano from the INCLIVA Research Institute in Valencia, Spain, who was involved in the study.

“Fezolinetant was effective and well tolerated for 24 weeks and the effect was observed as early as day one of treatment. While there are other NK antagonists, none have shown a similar concurrence of efficacy and safety in clinical studies with a sufficiently high number of participants.”

“A safe and effective non-hormonal molecule may be available for the very high number of menopausal women who suffer from vasomotor symptoms and improve their overall health, quality of life and work performance. However, these symptoms vary in prevalence or intensity depending on ethnicity—for example, VMS are more frequent and severe in —so more clinical data are needed in different populations or geographical areas in the world.”

Provided by
European Society of Endocrinology

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Late-stage study finds menopause drug fezolinetant safely reduces hot flushes for almost six months (2024, May 10)
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