Tension, Other Headache Types Robustly Linked to Suicide

A large study found that headaches, including tension-type, migraine, and posttraumatic headache, are strongly linked to both attempted and completed suicide. Individuals with trigeminal and autonomic cephalalgias (TAC) had a four times higher risk of suicide attempt, while those with posttraumatic headache had double the risk of completed suicide compared to those with no headache. The study, which included data on over 100,000 headache patients in Denmark, highlighted the need for psychiatric evaluation and treatment for individuals with headache disorders. Future research should focus on understanding the mechanisms behind this link and identifying low- and high-risk subgroups. It is essential for clinicians to assess the mental health of patients with headaches and provide appropriate treatment.

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