Environmental stressors linked to fetal brain development challenges

Researchers reviewed the impact of environmental factors on fetal brain development, focusing on inflammation and oxidative stress as common denominators across various stressors. They emphasize the importance of healthy intrauterine environments for promoting fetal brain development and stress the need to reduce modifiable stress factors during pregnancy. Factors like maternal nutrition, gut microbiota, obesity, smoking, and air pollution can have detrimental effects on fetal neurodevelopment. Pathological pregnancy conditions like FGR and PTB are linked to neurodevelopmental issues in offspring due to altered nutrient supply and inflammation. Understanding and addressing these modifiable risk factors are crucial for improving long-term neurodevelopment outcomes.

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