How Diabetes Affects The Heart

Heart disease is common among people with diabetes, with their risk of heart disease death and stroke being more than twice as high. Type 2 diabetes is associated with a higher prevalence of heart disease, making it the leading cause of death among individuals with this type of diabetes. The Framingham Study highlighted the increased vulnerability to heart disease in diabetes patients. Factors like high blood pressure, smoking, high cholesterol levels, and a family history of heart disease further elevate the risk. Treatment options include diet, exercise, medication, and surgery to manage heart disease and prevent complications like heart failure and peripheral vascular disease.

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