Weight Management Therapies Work, But Utilization Low

A cohort study of primary care patients with obesity found that weight management treatments (WMTs) were significantly associated with ≥ 5% weight loss for individuals, but low WMT utilization hindered population-level benefit. The study included 149,959 primary care patients from a Michigan academic health system and found that the prevalence of obesity increased from 39.2% to 40.7% from 2017 to 2019. WMT utilization also increased, with nutritional counseling, weight loss medication prescriptions, and bariatric surgery being the most effective in achieving ≥ 5% weight loss. The study highlighted the need for novel strategies to enhance preference-sensitive use of WMT to optimize weight loss. The study was published in JAMA Network Open and was supported by multiple grants.

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