For Girls, Early Life Adversity Tied to Sleep Disturbance, Depressive Symptoms

A study published in The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry found that early life adversity (ELA) is linked to sleep disturbance and depression in adolescent girls, but not boys. The longitudinal study included 224 participants aged 9 to 13 in the San Francisco area. Both boys and girls reported similar levels of sleep disturbance and depression, with girls showing significantly greater depression at the third visit. For girls, ELA was associated with increased sleep problems and depression, while for boys, depression was related to changes in sleep problems rather than the severity of ELA. The study suggests that interventions for children exposed to ELA should be targeted during the transition to adolescence.

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