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Genetic Variation in ADAMTS13 is Related to VWF Levels, Atrial Fibrillation and Cerebral Ischemic Events



Introduction:

ADAMTS13 cleaves von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimers into less active fragments. Both markers have been related to cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to investigate the influence of ADAMTS13 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on levels of ADAMTS13 and VWF, and CVD.


Methods:

The c.1342C>G, g.41635A>G and c.2699C>T polymorphisms were determined in patients with chronic coronary syndrome (n = 1000). VWF and ADAMTS13 were analyzed. Clinical endpoints after 2 years (n = 106) were unstable angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, non-hemorrhagic stroke and death.


Results:

The SNPs did not affect ADAMTS13 levels. The 41635A-allele associated with higher VWF levels (P < .001). Patients with the 1342G-allele had significantly higher frequency of previous atrial fibrillation (n = 26, P = .016) and cerebral ischemic events (n = 47, P = .030). Heterozygous of the 1342CG variant experienced more clinical endpoints compared to homozygous (CC and GG) (P = .028).


Conclusion:

The association between the 41635A-allele and VWF indicates a role for this polymorphism in VWF regulation. ADAMTS13 has previously been linked to atrial fibrillation and ischemic stroke, and our findings suggest that the 1342G-allele may be of significance. The association between the 1342CG genotype and endpoints needs further investigations.Clinicaltrials.gov, ASCET, NCT00222261. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00222261?term=NCT00222261&draw=2&rank=1.


Keywords:

adamts13; atrial fibrillation; cardiovascular disease; polymorphisms; von Willebrand factor.



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