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Fasting increases susceptibility to acute myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury through a sirtuin-3 mediated increase in fatty acid oxidation



Hall, Andrew R;

Karwi, Qutuba G;

Kumar, Sanjeev;

Dongworth, Rachel;

Aksentijević, Dunja;

Altamimi, Tariq R;

Fridianto, Kevin Timothy;

Hausenloy, Derek J; + view all

Hall, Andrew R;

Karwi, Qutuba G;

Kumar, Sanjeev;

Dongworth, Rachel;

Aksentijević, Dunja;

Altamimi, Tariq R;

Fridianto, Kevin Timothy;

Chinda, Kroekkiat;

Hernandez-Resendiz, Sauri;

Mahmood, Mohammad U;

Michelakis, Evangelos;

Ramachandra, Chrishan J;

Ching, Jianhong;

Vicencio, Jose M;

Shattock, Michael J;

Kovalik, Jean-Paul;

Yellon, Derek M;

Lopaschuk, Gary;

Hausenloy, Derek J;

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(2022)

Fasting increases susceptibility to acute myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury through a sirtuin-3 mediated increase in fatty acid oxidation.

Scientific Reports
, 12
(1)


, Article 20551. 10.1038/s41598-022-23847-w.

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Hausenloy_Fasting increases susceptibility to acute myocardial ischaemia_reperfusion injury through a sirtuin-3 mediated increase in fatty acid oxidation_VoR.pdf

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Abstract

Fasting increases susceptibility to acute myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) but the mechanisms are unknown. Here, we investigate the role of the mitochondrial NAD+-dependent deacetylase, Sirtuin-3 (SIRT3), which has been shown to influence fatty acid oxidation and cardiac outcomes, as a potential mediator of this effect. Fasting was shown to shift metabolism from glucose towards fatty acid oxidation. This change in metabolic fuel substrate utilisation increased myocardial infarct size in wild-type (WT), but not SIRT3 heterozygous knock-out (KO) mice. Further analysis revealed SIRT3 KO mice were better adapted to starvation through an improved cardiac efficiency, thus protecting them from acute myocardial IRI. Mitochondria from SIRT3 KO mice were hyperacetylated compared to WT mice which may regulate key metabolic processes controlling glucose and fatty acid utilisation in the heart. Fasting and the associated metabolic switch to fatty acid respiration worsens outcomes in WT hearts, whilst hearts from SIRT3 KO mice are better adapted to oxidising fatty acids, thereby protecting them from acute myocardial IRI.

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