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Article

Analysis of selected genetic variants in psoriasis susceptibility and response to treatment



Introduction:

Aetiology of psoriasis is complex with risk factors involving both environmental triggers and genetic background. Although the best characterized genetic risk factor for psoriasis is HLA-C*06 allele, a number of other variants were associated with the disease.


Aim:

In the current paper we have conducted a confirmation study for SNPs located in 9 gene regions in a case-control analysis of 507 psoriatic patients and 396 controls from the Polish population.


Material and methods:

Subsequently the impact of genetic variants on response to topical and NB-UVB therapy (reduction in the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index) was analysed.


Results:

Significant differences in genotype and/or allelic frequency were observed for the following SNPs: rs33980500 (TRAF3IP2), rs582757 (TNFAIP3I), rs12188300 (IL12B), rs28998802 (NOS2), and rs2233278 (TNIP1). None of the genetic factors was associated with treatment outcome.


Conclusions:

Although the genetic variants have an impact on the disease risk, they are unlikely to be useful in personalization of topical therapy.


Keywords:

NB-UVB; SNP; psoriasis.



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