Header
Header
Article

Acoustic regularities in infant-directed speech and song across cultures



Hilton, Courtney B;

Moser, Cody J;

Bertolo, Mila;

Lee-Rubin, Harry;

Amir, Dorsa;

Bainbridge, Constance M;

Simson, Jan;

Mehr, Samuel A; + view all

Hilton, Courtney B;

Moser, Cody J;

Bertolo, Mila;

Lee-Rubin, Harry;

Amir, Dorsa;

Bainbridge, Constance M;

Simson, Jan;

Knox, Dean;

Glowacki, Luke;

Alemu, Elias;

Galbarczyk, Andrzej;

Jasienska, Grazyna;

Ross, Cody T;

Neff, Mary Beth;

Martin, Alia;

Cirelli, Laura K;

Trehub, Sandra E;

Song, Jinqi;

Kim, Minju;

Schachner, Adena;

Vardy, Tom A;

Atkinson, Quentin D;

Salenius, Amanda;

Andelin, Jannik;

Antfolk, Jan;

Madhivanan, Purnima;

Siddaiah, Anand;

Placek, Caitlyn D;

Salali, Gul Deniz;

Keestra, Sarai;

Singh, Manvir;

Collins, Scott A;

Patton, John Q;

Scaff, Camila;

Stieglitz, Jonathan;

Cutipa, Silvia Ccari;

Moya, Cristina;

Sagar, Rohan R;

Anyawire, Mariamu;

Mabulla, Audax;

Wood, Brian M;

Krasnow, Max M;

Mehr, Samuel A;

– view fewer

(2022)

Acoustic regularities in infant-directed speech and song across cultures.

Nature Human Behaviour
, 6
(11)

pp. 1545-1556.

10.1038/s41562-022-01410-x.


Text

Salali_2020.04.09.032995v5.full_red.pdf

Access restricted to UCL open access staff until 19 January 2023.

Download (4MB)

Abstract

When interacting with infants, humans often alter their speech and song in ways thought to support communication. Theories of human child-rearing, informed by data on vocal signalling across species, predict that such alterations should appear globally. Here, we show acoustic differences between infant-directed and adult-directed vocalizations across cultures. We collected 1,615 recordings of infant- and adult-directed speech and song produced by 410 people in 21 urban, rural and small-scale societies. Infant-directedness was reliably classified from acoustic features only, with acoustic profiles of infant-directedness differing across language and music but in consistent fashions. We then studied listener sensitivity to these acoustic features. We played the recordings to 51,065 people from 187 countries, recruited via an English-language website, who guessed whether each vocalization was infant-directed. Their intuitions were more accurate than chance, predictable in part by common sets of acoustic features and robust to the effects of linguistic relatedness between vocalizer and listener. These findings inform hypotheses of the psychological functions and evolution of human communication.

Download activity – last month
Download activity – last 12 months
Downloads by country – last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item



Source link

Back to top button