Pericytes are mural vascular cells covering microvascular capillaries, where they contribute to the formation, maturation, maintenance, stabilisation and remodelling of vasculature. They actively interact and communicate with other cells to maintain the capillary structural integrity, vascular permeability and blood flow. Pericytes are crucial participants in the physiological and pathological processes of cardiovascular disease. In this review, we summarise recent data regarding pericyte metabolism, trans-differentiation, angiogenesis and immunomodulation in connection with different cardiovascular pathologies. Further, we discuss an application of pericytes as a new cell therapy approach to treat coronary artery disease, congenital heart disease, atherosclerotic plaques calcification and calcific valvular heart disease in different in vivo animal models and in vitro studies. Also, we discuss different methods and pharmacological therapies for CVDs treatment with pericyte-mediated effects. Finally, we present a comprehensive overview of the role of pericytes in CVDs and as a pharmacological target for different novel drugs and techniques and highlight the potential application of pericytes to treat CVDs.
Atherosclerosis; Calcific valvular heart disease; Cardiovascular disease; Congenital heart disease; Pericyte.
Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.. All rights reserved.
Conflict of interest statement
Conflict of interest statement The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.