Single coronary artery (SCA) is a very rare coronary artery anomaly of origin and course with a reported prevalence of only 0.024%-0.066% among patients undergoing routine coronary angiography. The majority of the individuals remain asymptomatic and thus SCA is found only incidentally on conventional or computed tomography coronary angiography done for other reasons. A minority of the patients may have non-specific cardiac symptoms (such as ischemic pain, tachycardia, etc.) or even sudden death. SCA can occur in isolation or in association with other congenital cardiac defects like such as persistent truncus arteriosus, tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), pulmonary atresia, transposition of great vessels (TGA), ventricular septal defect (VSD), coronary arteriovenous fistula (AVF), patent foramen ovale (PFO) and bicuspid aortic valve. We present a case of 50 years male with incidental finding of SCA arising from the left coronary sinus which had an inter-arterial course before branching (SCA Type: LIIB based on the Lipton-Yamanaka classification) which was revealed on computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) performed after the patient complained of infrequent chest pain. Management of the diagnosed cases can be either conservative, stent placement or surgical correction based on the symptomatology and clinico-lab findings.
Computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA); Inter-arterial course; Lipton-Yamanaka classification; Single coronary artery (SCA).
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of University of Washington.