Independent Detection of T-Waves in Single Lead ECG Signal Using Continuous Wavelet Transform


In the ECG signals, T-waves play a very important role in the detection of cardiac arrest. During myocardial ischemia, the first significant change occurs on the T-wave. These waves are generated due to the repolarization of the heart ventricle. The independent detection of T-waves is a bit challenging due to its variable nature, therefore, most of the algorithms available in the literature for T-wave detection use the detection of the QRS complex as the starting point. But accurate detection of Twave is very much required, as clinically, the first indication of a shortage of blood supply to the heart muscle (myocardial ischemia) shows up as changes in T-wave followed by other changes in the morphology of the ECG signal.

Materials and methods:

In this paper, an efficient and novel algorithm based on Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) is presented to detect the Twave independently. In CWT, for better matching, a new mother wavelet is designed using the pattern and shape of the Twave. This algorithm is validated on all the signals of the QT database.


The algorithm attains an average sensitivity of 99.88% and positive predictivity of 99.81% for the signals annotated by the cardiologists in the database.


Continuous wavelet transform; ECG signal; Mother wavelet; T-waves; Wavelet transform.

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