EHS
EHS

Independent Detection of T-Waves in Single Lead ECG Signal Using Continuous Wavelet Transform



Introduction:

In the ECG signals, T-waves play a very important role in the detection of cardiac arrest. During myocardial ischemia, the first significant change occurs on the T-wave. These waves are generated due to the repolarization of the heart ventricle. The independent detection of T-waves is a bit challenging due to its variable nature, therefore, most of the algorithms available in the literature for T-wave detection use the detection of the QRS complex as the starting point. But accurate detection of Twave is very much required, as clinically, the first indication of a shortage of blood supply to the heart muscle (myocardial ischemia) shows up as changes in T-wave followed by other changes in the morphology of the ECG signal.


Materials and methods:

In this paper, an efficient and novel algorithm based on Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) is presented to detect the Twave independently. In CWT, for better matching, a new mother wavelet is designed using the pattern and shape of the Twave. This algorithm is validated on all the signals of the QT database.


Conclusion:

The algorithm attains an average sensitivity of 99.88% and positive predictivity of 99.81% for the signals annotated by the cardiologists in the database.


Keywords:

Continuous wavelet transform; ECG signal; Mother wavelet; T-waves; Wavelet transform.



Source link

EHS
Back to top button