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Associations of Blood and Performance Parameters with Signs of Periodontal Inflammation in Young Elite Athletes-An Explorative Study



Merle, Cordula Leonie;

Richter, Lisa;

Challakh, Nadia;

Haak, Rainer;

Schmalz, Gerhard;

Needleman, Ian;

Rudrich, Peter;

Wustenfeld, Jan; + view all

Merle, Cordula Leonie;

Richter, Lisa;

Challakh, Nadia;

Haak, Rainer;

Schmalz, Gerhard;

Needleman, Ian;

Rudrich, Peter;

Wolfarth, Bernd;

Ziebolz, Dirk;

Wustenfeld, Jan;

– view fewer

(2022)

Associations of Blood and Performance Parameters with Signs of Periodontal Inflammation in Young Elite Athletes-An Explorative Study.

Journal of Clinical Medicine
, 11
(17)


, Article 5161. 10.3390/jcm11175161.

Abstract

This retrospective cross-sectional study aimed to explore interactions between signs of periodontal inflammation and systemic parameters in athletes. Members of German squads with available data on sports medical and oral examination were included. Groups were divided by gingival inflammation (median of papillary bleeding index, PBI ≥ median) and signs of periodontitis (Periodontal Screening Index, PSI ≥ 3). Age, gender, anthropometry, blood parameters, echocardiography, sports performance on ergometer, and maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max) were evaluated. Eighty-five athletes (f = 51%, 20.6 ± 3.5 years) were included (PBI < 0.42: 45%; PSI ≥ 3: 38%). Most associations were not statistically significant. Significant group differences were found for body fat percentage and body mass index. All blood parameters were in reference ranges. Minor differences in hematocrit, hemoglobin, basophils, erythrocyte sedimentation rates, urea, and HDL cholesterol were found for PBI, in uric acid for PSI. Echocardiographic parameters (n = 40) did not show any associations. Athletes with PSI ≥ 3 had lower VO2max values (55.9 ± 6.7 mL/min/kg vs. 59.3 ± 7.0 mL/min/kg; p = 0.03). In exercise tests (n = 30), athletes with PBI < 0.42 achieved higher relative maximal load on the cycling ergometer (5.0 ± 0.5 W/kg vs. 4.4 ± 0.3 W/kg; p = 0.03). Despite the limitations of this study, potential associations between signs of periodontal inflammation and body composition, blood parameters, and performance were identified. Further studies on the systemic impact of oral inflammation in athletes, especially regarding performance, are necessary.

Type: Article

Title: Associations of Blood and Performance Parameters with Signs of Periodontal Inflammation in Young Elite Athletes-An Explorative Study
Location: Switzerland
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/jcm11175161
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11175161
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Medicine, General & Internal, General & Internal Medicine, performance, systemic inflammation, physical endurance, physical fitness, maximal aerobic capacity, gingivitis, ORAL-HEALTH, SYSTEMIC MARKERS, STATEMENT, PREVALENCE, INDEX
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Restorative Dental Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10156264
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