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Tuberculosis and Risk of Ischemic Stroke: A Nationwide Cohort Study



Background:

Conflicting results exist regarding the risk of ischemic stroke in tuberculosis survivors. We aimed to estimate the risk of ischemic stroke using a nationwide population-based retrospective cohort.


Methods:

We gathered data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service on tuberculosis survivors and 1:1 age- and sex-matched non-tuberculosis cases. Eligible participants were followed up from 1 year after tuberculosis diagnosis to the date of ischemic stroke event, date of death, or until the end of the study period (December 31, 2018), whichever came first. Cox proportional hazard regression and stratified analyses were performed to identify any related factors.


Results:

During follow-up periods of 3.8 years for patients with tuberculosis and matched non-tuberculosis cases, 1.3% of patients with tuberculosis (941/72 863) and 1.0% of matched non-tuberculosis cases (707/72 863) developed ischemic stroke. The overall risk of ischemic stroke was higher in tuberculosis patients (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.22 [95% CI, 1.10-1.36]) compared with the matched non-tuberculosis cases. A stratified analysis showed that patients with tuberculosis had increased risk of ischemic stroke regardless of age, sex, smoking status, alcohol consumption, physical activity, body mass index, and Charlson Comorbidity Index score.


Conclusions:

Tuberculosis survivors had a higher risk of ischemic stroke than their matched non-tuberculosis cases. The results of this study suggest that tuberculosis is a crucial infectious factor associated with increased incidence of ischemic stroke.


Keywords:

epidemiology; ischemic stroke; risk factors; survivors; tuberculosis.



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