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Designing a new fast solution to control isolation rooms in hospitals depending on artificial intelligence decision



. 2023 Jan;79:104100.


doi: 10.1016/j.bspc.2022.104100.


Epub 2022 Aug 26.

Affiliations

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S Khaled Ahmed et al.


Biomed Signal Process Control.


2023 Jan.

Abstract

Decreasing the COVID spread of infection among patients at physical isolation hospitals during the coronavirus pandemic was the main aim of all governments in the world. It was required to increase isolation places in the hospital’s rules to prevent the spread of infection. To deal with influxes of infected COVID-19 patients’ quick solutions must be explored. The presented paper studies converting natural rooms in hospitals into isolation sections and constructing new isolation cabinets using prefabricated components as alternative and quick solutions. Artificial Intelligence (AI) helps in the selection and making of a decision on which type of solution will be used. A Multi-Layer Perceptron Neural Network (MLPNN) model is a type of artificial intelligence technique used to design and implement on time, cost, available facilities, area, and spaces as input parameters. The MLPNN result decided to select a prefabricated approach since it saves 43% of the time while the cost was the same for the two approaches. Forty-five hospitals have implemented a prefabricated solution which gave excellent results in a short period of time at reduced costs based on found facilities and spaces. Prefabricated solutions provide a shorter time and lower cost by 43% and 78% in average values respectively as compared to retrofitting existing natural ventilation rooms.


Keywords:

Infected patients; Isolation Rooms; Negative pressure; Quarantine.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.



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