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Article

Optimising governance capabilities for science, research and innovation in Africa



Mugwagwa, Julius;

Banda, Geoffrey;

Ozor, Nicholas;

Bolo, Maurice;

Oriama, Ruth;

(2021)

Optimising governance capabilities for science, research and innovation in Africa.

Technology in Society
, 68


, Article 101804. 10.1016/j.techsoc.2021.101804.


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Revised Paper TIS_2019_197.pdf
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Abstract

This article discusses empirical challenges and opportunities for African countries in their quest to have sustainable mechanisms for funding research and innovation. Like elsewhere in different parts of the world, African countries have been exploring different approaches, institutional reforms, models and mechanisms towards more efficient and effective funding and financing of research and innovation to enhance their individual and collective economic development aspirations. This paper derives from a 2018 to 2019 study which used a combination of primary and secondary data sources to inform current debates and reviews on the re- organization of research and innovation funding in Africa. Attempts to copy experiences of high income economies in harnessing and deploying funding mechanisms into national research and innovation systems are not appropriate if not accompanied by adaptation to systemic and contextual aspects in receiving countries and sectors. This paper presents and analyses recent empirical evidence from 15 African countries to argue that successful adaptations are not just a matter of technological and innovation capabilities, timely and adequate resourcing, but are a function of decision-making and governance capabilities, which in turn arise from deliberate and interactive learning across the entire research and innovation system. This work contributes to some of the themes covered in this journal recently on the broad issue of resources for innovation, including financial and relational resources.

Type: Article

Title: Optimising governance capabilities for science, research and innovation in Africa
DOI: 10.1016/j.techsoc.2021.101804
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2021.101804
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Social Sciences, Social Issues, Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary, Social Sciences – Other Topics, Africa, Funding, Governance capabilities, Innovation, Research, INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS, DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES, SYSTEMS
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > STEaPP
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10152939
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