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Cytoplasmic sequestration of p53 by lncRNA-CIRPILalleviates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury


Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury is a pathological process that seriously affects the health of patients with coronary artery disease. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) represents a new class of regulators of diverse biological processes and disease conditions, the study aims to discover the pivotal lncRNA in MI/R injury. The microarray screening identifies a down-regulated heart-enriched lncRNA-CIRPIL (Cardiac ischemia reperfusion associated p53 interacting lncRNA, lncCIRPIL) from the hearts of I/R mice. LncCIRPIL inhibits apoptosis of cultured cardiomyocytes exposed to anoxia/reoxygenation (A/R). Cardiac-specific transgenic overexpression of lncCIRPIL alleviates I/R injury in mice, while knockout of lncCIRPIL exacerbates cardiac I/R injury. LncCIRPIL locates in the cytoplasm and physically interacts with p53, which leads to the cytoplasmic sequestration and the acceleration of ubiquitin-mediated degradation of p53 triggered by E3 ligases CHIP, COP1 and MDM2. p53 overexpression abrogates the protective effects of lncCIRPIL. Notably, the human fragment of conserved lncCIRPIL mimics the protective effects of the full-length lncCIRPIL on cultured human AC16 cells. Collectively, lncCIRPIL exerts its cardioprotective action via sequestering p53 in the cytoplasm and facilitating its ubiquitin-mediated degradation. The study highlights a unique mechanism in p53 signal pathway and broadens our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of MI/R injury.



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