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Article

Compact pediatric cardiac magnetic resonance imaging protocols



Review


doi: 10.1007/s00247-022-05447-y.


Online ahead of print.

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Review

Evan J Zucker.


Pediatr Radiol.


.

Abstract

Cardiac MRI is in many respects an ideal modality for pediatric cardiovascular imaging, enabling a complete noninvasive assessment of anatomy, morphology, function and flow in one radiation-free and potentially non-contrast exam. Nonetheless, traditionally lengthy and complex imaging acquisition strategies have often limited its broader use beyond specialized centers. In this review, the author presents practical cardiac MRI imaging protocols to facilitate the performance of succinct yet successful exams that provide the most salient clinical data for the majority of congenital and acquired pediatric cardiac disease. In addition, the author reviews newer and evolving techniques that permit more rapid but similarly diagnostic MRI, including compressed sensing and artificial intelligence/machine learning reconstruction, four-dimensional flow acquisition and blood pool contrast agents. With the modern armamentarium of cardiac MRI methods, the goal of compact yet comprehensive exams in children can now be realized.


Keywords:

Cardiac; Children; Compressed sensing; Ferumoxytol; Four-dimensional flow; Heart; Machine learning; Magnetic resonance imaging; Protocols.

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