The Political Economy of Crime: Did Universal Credit Increase Crime Rates?
The British Journal of Criminology
, Article azac043. 10.1093/bjc/azac043.
Interest in the political economy of crime goes back to sociology’s founding fathers, but the nature of the relationship between restrictive social security systems and crime remains contested. This paper exploits exogenous variation in the introduction of Universal Credit (UC) to local areas across England and Wales to address this question. We first use fixed effects models, with a range of controls, to show that as UC enrolments increase in a given area, so does the crime rate. We then use interrupted time series analysis to show that, despite UC being rolled out at different times in different places, its introduction in each local area coincides with a positive shift in the trend in crime. These findings hold for total crime, property crime and violent crime. Borrowing from Strain Theory and Routine Activities Theory, we suggest that changes to the pool of motivated offenders may help to explain these correlations.
|Title:||The Political Economy of Crime: Did Universal Credit Increase Crime Rates?|
|Open access status:||An open access version is available from UCL Discovery|
|Additional information:||© Te Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies (ISTD).
Tis is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Atribution License (htps://
creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
|Keywords:||Social Sciences, Criminology & Penology, political economy, routine activities theory, strain theory, Universal Credit, welfare, SOCIAL SUPPORT, WELFARE-REFORM, HOMICIDE, POPULISM, DECLINE, TRENDS|
|UCL classification:||UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE – Social Research Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
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