Selenomethionine (SeMet) did not prevent prostate cancer in the SELECT trial and in two hormone-driven rat models. However, we have shown that daily oral bolus administration of next-generation selenium forms, methylseleninic acid (MSeA) and Se-methylselenocysteine (MSeC) at 3 mg Se/kg body weight, inhibits prostate carcinogenesis in the TRAMP and pten-deficient mouse models and In Vivo growth of human prostate cancer cells. Here, we determined whether these Se forms prevent prostate cancer in a chemically induced-androgen promoted carcinogenesis rat model in which SeMet was not preventive. WU rats were treated with methylnitrosourea, and one week later, slow-release testosterone implants when they were randomized to groups fed AIN-93M diet supplemented with 3 ppm selenium as MSeA or MSeC or control diet. Mean survival, tumor incidence in all accessory sex glands combined (dorsolateral and anterior prostate plus seminal vesicle) and the incidence of tumors confined to dorsolateral and/or anterior prostate were not statistically significantly different among the groups. Thus, MSeA and MSeC feeding was not preventive in this model. The contrast with the inhibitory effects of MSeA and MSeC in mouse models may be due to differences in carcinogenic mechanisms, selenium dosage, delivery mode, and pharmacokinetics or fundamental rat-mouse differences in selenium metabolism.