Cigarette smoking in Poland in 2019: the continuing decline in smoking prevalence

Janik-Koncewicz, Kinga;

Zatoński, Witold;

Zatońska, Katarzyna;

Stępnicka, Zuzanna;

Basiak-Rasała, Alicja;

Zatoński, Mateusz;

Połtyn-Zaradna, Katarzyna;


Cigarette smoking in Poland in 2019: the continuing decline in smoking prevalence.

Journal of Health Inequalities
, 6

pp. 87-94.



The aim of the study: To present comprehensive national estimates of prevalence of cigarette smoking by
sociodemographic characteristics in Poland in 2019 and to analyse the changes in smoking prevalence in
the Polish population after 2014.
Material and methods: A cross-sectional survey on a representative sample of adult Polish population
was conducted on 4-11 July 2019 by the Public Opinion Research Center (Centrum Badania Opinii
Społecznej). A total of 1016 adults (42.4% men and 57.6% women) aged 20 years and older were included in the analysis. Data for smoking prevalence were analysed according to gender, age groups, birth
cohorts, place of residence and education. Statistical analysis was done using Statistica 13.1 and assumed
a significance level of p < 0.05.
Results: Of the total sample population, 21.8% of Polish adults declared they are daily smokers (in the
general population this would translate to 6.8 million Poles, including 3.9 million men and 2.9 million
women), 27.8% that they are ex-smokers and 50.4% that they never smoked tobacco. More men than
women declared they are daily smokers (26.9% vs 18.1%) and ex-smokers (36.2% vs 21.5%), and women
were more likely to declare they are never smokers than men (60.3% vs 36.9%).
Conclusions: Poland has experienced a decrease in smoking prevalence since 1976 in men and since
1982 in women. In 2019 the most important factor shaping smoking prevalence in Poland was education.
Sex differences in smoking rates have been converging since late 1970s. Those with lower levels of education, as well as middle-aged men and women (45-64 years old) were found to have the highest levels of
daily smoking and should be offered targeted support promoting smoking cessation. There is an urgent
need to bring back and strengthen a national tobacco control strategy in Poland. This should include
systematic annual surveys of smoking behaviours on a representative sample of Polish population using
a standardised methodology

Type: Article

Title: Cigarette smoking in Poland in 2019: the continuing decline in smoking prevalence
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.5114/jhi.2020.101878
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.5114/jhi.2020.101878
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: tobacco, cigarettes, smoking prevalence, Poland.
UCL classification: UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10150727
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