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Serum miR-204 and miR-451 Expression and Diagnostic Value in Patients with Pulmonary Artery Hypertension Triggered by Congenital Heart Disease



Objective:

To determine the level of expression and clinical importance of serum miR-204 and miR-451 in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension caused by congenital heart disease (CHD-PAH).


Methods:

From July 2019 to January 2021, 114 infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) were hospitalized at Qingdao’s Fuwai Cardiovascular Hospital. They were grouped into categories: CHD (53 cases) and CHD-PAH (61 cases) based on whether they had pulmonary hypertension (PAH). In addition, 60 healthy children were selected as the control group. All children underwent routine biochemical examination, echocardiography, and pulmonary arterial pressure examination. By using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) in the blood were measured. Additionally, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to determine the expression levels of miR-204 and miR-451 in peripheral blood. The correlation between miR-204, miR-451, BNP, ADMA, and mPAP was investigated using Pearson correlation analysis.


Results:

Consequently, the TC, BNP, and ADMA serum levels were considerably higher in the CHD and CHD-PAH groups than in the control group (P < 0.05), whereas BNP and ADMA serum levels were significantly higher in the CHD-PAH group than in the CHD group (P < 0.05). According to RT-PCR data, the expression levels of miR-204 and miR-451 in the peripheral blood of children in the CHD and CHD-PAH groups were significantly lower (P < 0.05) when compared to the control group. The expression levels of miR-204 and miR-451 in the peripheral blood of children in the CHD-PAH group were substantially lower (P < 0.05) than in the CHD group. Significantly, the findings of the ROC curve revealed that the area under the curve (AUC) of CHD-PAH diagnosed by miR-204 and miR-451 alone was 0.737 and 0.725, respectively, and the AUC of joint diagnosis was 0.840, which was greater than that of single diagnosis (P < 0.05). Patients with CHD-PAH had lower levels of miR-204 and miR-451 in their blood, and this was found to be associated with BNP, ADMA, and mPAP, analyzed by Pearson correlation.


Conclusions:

Children with CHD-PAH can be diagnosed based on aberrant expressions of miR-204 and miR-451 in their peripheral blood serum. Moreover, CHD-PAH can be diagnosed if the combination of miR-204 and miR-451 is detected as a biomarker, which has a higher diagnostic value.



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