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Exosomes Derived From Mesenchymal Stem Cells Pretreated With Ischemic Rat Heart Extracts Promote Angiogenesis via the Delivery of DMBT1


Mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes (MSC-Exos) have been shown to promote angiogenesis. Treating MSCs with ischemic rat brain extracts was sufficient to augment their benefits in stroke. However, no similar analyses of ischemic heart extracts have been performed to date. We aim to determine whether MSC-Exos derived from MSCs pretreated with ischemic rat heart extract were able to promote angiogenesis and to clarify underlying mechanisms. ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) of heart extracts revealed a significant increase of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) at 24 h post-MI (myocardial infarction) modeling, and time-dependent decreases in hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α). MTT and wound healing assays revealed human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) migration and proliferation increased following MSCE-Exo treatment (exosomes derived from MSC pretreated with ischemic heart extracts of 24 h post-MI) relative to MSCN-Exo treatment (exosomes derived from MSC pretreated with normal heart extracts). Proteomic analyses of MSCE-Exo and MSCN-Exo were conducted to screen for cargo proteins promoting angiogenesis. Result revealed several angiogenesis-related proteins were upregulated in MSCE-Exo, including DMBT1 (deleted in malignant brain tumors 1). When DMBT1 was silenced in MSCs, HUVECs with MSCDMBT1 RNAi-Exo treatment exhibited impaired proliferative and migratory activity and reductions of DMBT1, p-Akt, β-catenin, and VEGF. To explore how ischemic heart extracts took effects, ELISA was conducted showing a significant increase of IL-22 at 24 h post-MI modeling. P-STAT3, IL22RA1, DMBT1, and VEGF proteins were increased in MSCE relative to MSCN, and VEGF and DMBT1 were increased in MSCE-Exos. Together, these suggest that IL-22 upregulation in ischemic heart extracts can increase DMBT1 in MSCs. Exosomes derived from those MSCs deliver DMBT1 to HUVECs, thereby enhancing their migratory and proliferative activity.


Keywords:

DMBT1; angiogenesis; exosome; ischemic rat heart extracts; mesenchymal stem cells.



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