EHS
EHS

COVID-19 and abducens nerve palsy in a 9-year-old girl—case report | Italian Journal of Pediatrics


  • Guan W-J, Ni Z-Y, Hu Y, Liang W-H, Ou C-Q, He J-X, et al. Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in China. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(18):1708–20.

    CAS 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Pérez CA. Looking ahead: the risk of neurologic complications due to COVID-19. Neurol Clin Pract . 2020 Aug;10(4):371–4.

  • Guan W-J, Liang W-H, Zhao Y, Liang H-R, Chen Z-S, Li Y-M, et al. Comorbidity and its impact on 1590 patients with COVID-19 in China: a nationwide analysis. Eur Respir J maggio. 2020;55(5):2000547.

    CAS 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Gori A, Leone F, Loffredo L, Cinicola BL, Brindisi G, De Castro G, et al. COVID-19-related anosmia: the olfactory pathway hypothesis and early intervention. Front Neurol. 2020;11:956.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • High B, Hixon AM, Tyler KL, Piquet AL, Pelak VS. Neurology and the COVID-19 pandemic: gathering data for an informed response. Neurol Clin Pract aprile. 2021;11(2):e48–63.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Ghannam M, Alshaer Q, Al-Chalabi M, Zakarna L, Robertson J, Manousakis G. Neurological involvement of coronavirus disease 2019: a systematic review. J Neurol. 2020;267(11):3135–53.

    CAS 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Asadi-Pooya AA, Simani L. Central nervous system manifestations of COVID-19: A systematic review. J Neurol Sci. 2020;413:116832.

    CAS 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Mao X-Y, Jin W-L. The COVID-19 Pandemic: Consideration for Brain Infection. Neuroscience. 2020;437:130–1.

    CAS 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Vonck K, Garrez I, De Herdt V, Hemelsoet D, Laureys G, Raedt R, et al. Neurological manifestations and neuro-invasive mechanisms of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2. Eur J Neurol. 2020;27(8):1578–87.

    CAS 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Luís ME, Hipólito-Fernandes D, Mota C, Maleita D, Xavier C, Maio T, et al. A review of neuro-ophthalmological manifestations of human coronavirus infection. Eye Brain. 2020;12:129–37.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Falcone MM, Rong AJ, Salazar H, Redick DW, Falcone S, Cavuoto KM. Acute abducens nerve palsy in a patient with the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). J AAPOS. 2020;24(4):216–7.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Faucher A, Rey P-A, Aguadisch E, Degos B. Isolated post SARS-CoV-2 diplopia. J Neurol. 2020;267(11):3128–9.

    CAS 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Dinkin M, Gao V, Kahan J, Bobker S, Simonetto M, Wechsler P, et al. COVID-19 presenting with ophthalmoparesis from cranial nerve palsy. Neurology. 2020;95(5):221–3.

    CAS 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Pascual-Goñi E, Fortea J, Martínez-Domeño A, Rabella N, Tecame M, Gómez-Oliva C, et al. COVID-19-associated ophthalmoparesis and hypothalamic involvement. Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm. 2020;7(5):e823.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Ben-David GS, Halachmi-Eyal O, Shyriaiev H, Brikman S, Dori G, Briscoe D. Diplopia from abducens nerve paresis as a presenting symptom of COVID-19: a case report and review of literature. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2021:S0004–27492021005005230.

  • Merino P, Gómez de Liaño P, Villalobo JM, Franco G, Gómez de Liaño R. Etiology and treatment of pediatric sixth nerve palsy. J AAPOS. 2010;14(6):502–5.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Dotan G, Rosenfeld E, Stolovitch C, Kesler A. The role of neuroimaging in the evaluation process of children with isolated sixth nerve palsy. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013;29(1):89–92.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Kodsi SR, Younge BR. Acquired oculomotor, trochlear, and abducent cranial nerve palsies in pediatric patients. Am J Ophthalmol. 1992;114(5):568–74.

    CAS 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Holmes JM, Mutyala S, Maus TL, Grill R, Hodge DO, Gray DT. Pediatric third, fourth, and sixth nerve palsies: a population-based study. Am J Ophthalmol. 1999;127(4):388–92.

    CAS 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Patel SV, Mutyala S, Leske DA, Hodge DO, Holmes JM. Incidence, associations, and evaluation of sixth nerve palsy using a population-based method. Ophthalmology. 2004;111(2):369–75.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Knapp CM, Gottlob I. Benign recurrent abducens (6th) nerve palsy in two children. Strabismus. 2004;12(1):13–6.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Yousuf SJ, Khan AO. Presenting features suggestive for later recurrence of idiopathic sixth nerve paresis in children. J AAPOS. 2007;11:452–5.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Werner DB, Savino PJ, Schatz NJ. Benign recurrent sixth nerve palsies in childhood. Secondary to immunization or viral illness. Arch Ophthalmol. 1983;101(4):607–8.

    CAS 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Sturm V, Schöffler C. Long-term follow-up of children with benign abducens nerve palsy. Eye (Lond). 2010;24(1):74–8.

    CAS 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Hoffmann M, Kleine-Weber H, Schroeder S, Krüger N, Herrler T, Erichsen S, et al. SARS-CoV-2 cell entry depends on ACE2 and TMPRSS2 and is blocked by a clinically proven protease inhibitor. Cell. 2020;181(2):271–280.e8.

    CAS 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Cantuti-Castelvetri L, Ojha R, Pedro LD, Djannatian M, Franz J, Kuivanen S, et al. Neuropilin-1 facilitates SARS-CoV-2 cell entry and infectivity. Science. 2020;370(6518):856–60.

    CAS 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Suen WW, Prow NA, Hall RA, Bielefeldt-Ohmann H. Mechanism of West Nile virus neuroinvasion: a critical appraisal. Viruses. 2014;6(7):2796–825.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Koyuncu OO, Hogue IB, Enquist LW. Virus infections in the nervous system. Cell Host Microbe. 2013;13(4):379–93.

    CAS 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Swanson PA 2nd, McGavern DB. Viral diseases of the central nervous system. Curr Opin Virol. 2015;11:44–54.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Toscano G, Palmerini F, Ravaglia S, Ruiz L, Invernizzi P, Cuzzoni MG, et al. Guillain-Barré syndrome associated with SARS-CoV-2. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(26):2574–6.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     



  • Source link

    EHS
    Back to top button