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Update in Management of Craniosynostosis



Learning Objectives:

After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the craniofacial dysmorphology of craniosynostosis, and the variation of each type. 2. Identify the functional concerns and learn the rationale behind timing of operative intervention. 3. Approach each dysmorphology critically and identify the operative intervention needed to improve form and function 4. Understand and address the specific issues related to syndromic craniosynostosis and be able to delineate management plan.

Summary:

Craniosynostosis is a condition in which premature fusion of one or more cranial sutures lead to abnormal head shape and growth restriction of the brain. Nonsyndromic craniosynostosis occurs in isolation, and usually involves a single suture, whereas syndromic craniosynostosis may involve multiple sutures and is associated with extracraniofacial findings. Although surgical management can be similar, the treatment plan must take into consideration issues specific to the syndromes. This article aims to provide a concise overview of the authors’ current understanding regarding the presentation, treatment principle, surgical option, and debates in craniosynostosis.



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