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Video Capsule Endoscopy in Gastroenterology


Review


doi: 10.14740/gr1487.


Epub 2022 Apr 12.

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Review

Monjur Ahmed.


Gastroenterology Res.


2022 Apr.

Abstract

Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is a wireless technology used by gastroenterologists for various indications in their clinical practice. There has been significant improvement in this technology since its start about two decades ago. Specific video capsules have been made to evaluate the small bowel, colon, and esophagus. Now pan-enteric video capsule is available to assess both the small bowel and colon. VCE is a non-invasive procedure that has been tremendously evaluated for various gastrointestinal disorders, particularly small intestinal bleeding. There are specific contraindications and complications of VCE. This procedure has the technical part and video reading part. Newer software programs will come to reduce the reading time. Artificial intelligence is also coming for quick and accurate diagnosis of any positive findings during VCE. VCE is an important diagnostic test in the field of gastroenterology. Although it is an addition to optical endoscopic procedures to visualize the gastrointestinal mucosa, it has advantages and disadvantages.


Keywords:

Capsule endoscopy; Colon capsule endoscopy; Esophageal capsule endoscopy; Gastrointestinal bleeding; Small bowel capsule endoscopy; Wireless capsule endoscopy.

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