VIS649 (sibeprenlimab), a humanized IgG2 monoclonal antibody that inhibits APRIL, is being developed as a potential treatment for IgA nephropathy (IgAN). This phase 1, first-in-human, randomized, double-blind, single ascending dose study aimed to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics (PD) of VIS649 in healthy adults.
Participants were randomized to VIS649 (sequential i.v. dosing cohorts: 0.5, 2.0, 6.0, 12.0 mg/kg) or placebo; a further cohort received VIS649 6.0 mg/kg or placebo followed by a tetanus/diphtheria vaccine challenge.
A total of 51 participants were randomized, dosed, and analyzed for safety (7 for each VIS649 dose; 8 for placebo; 10 for VIS649 + vaccine; 5 for placebo + vaccine). There were no serious adverse events (AEs) or AEs leading to study discontinuation. VIS649 had nonlinear PK: half-life increased with dose and drug exposure increased in a greater than dose-proportional manner. Serum APRIL, IgA, galactose-deficient (Gd) IgA1, IgG, and IgM were reversibly suppressed in a dose-dependent manner, with a dose-response in time to recovery. Tetanus and diphtheria serum IgG titers increased after recall vaccination.
VIS649 was safe, well tolerated, and reversibly suppressed APRIL and various immunoglobulins, without loss of antigen-specific vaccination response. Further clinical development of VIS649 for IgAN is warranted. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03719443.
APRIL; IgA nephropathy; clinical trial; galactose-deficient IgA; glomerulonephritis; monoclonal antibody.