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Bis-diamine administration during pregnancy induces developmental and reproductive toxicities in rats



Background:

Bis-diamine was developed as amebicidal and male contraceptive agents; however, it is also reported to induce characteristic congenital heart defects especially in the cardiac conotruncal area of rats. Because of its characteristic congenital heart defects, bis-diamine-induced animal models can be used for studying congenital heart defects. However, comprehensive toxicological information regarding bis-diamine-induced congenital heart defects in this animal model is not available.


Methods:

In this study, we investigated and characterized an animal model for bis-diamine-induced congenital heart defects. A single dose of 200-mg bis-diamine was administered by oral gavage to pregnant rats on gestation day 10, and then observed the representative toxicological endpoints for general systemic health of pregnant rats, embryo-fetal development, and parturition.


Results:

Characteristic congenital heart defects and other birth defects similar to DiGeorge syndrome were observed in bis-diamine-administered pregnant rats. In addition, developmental and reproductive toxicity findings, including increased postimplantation loss, decreased fetal weight, increased perinatal death, and increased gestation period, were observed in bis-diamine-administered pregnant rats. In particular, these developmental and reproductive toxicities were observed without maternal toxicity findings.


Conclusion:

These results will be useful to use this animal model for further studies in congenital heart defects, cardiovascular defects, and understanding their mechanisms.


Keywords:

DiGeorge syndrome; birth defects; congenital heart defects; conotruncal anomalies; teratogen.



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