EHS
EHS

Effect of Leisure Sports on Exercise Capacity and Quality of Life in Patients with a Fontan Circulation



. 2022 Mar 9;S0002-9149(22)00127-8.


doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2022.01.060.


Online ahead of print.

Affiliations

Item in Clipboard

Arne Niemann et al.


Am J Cardiol.


.

Abstract

Despite improvement in survival, patients with a Fontan circulation are at risk for numerous complications, and exercise capacity and quality of life are usually reduced compared with healthy controls. However, only a few studies have assessed the impact of the amount of sporting activity on exercise capacity and health-related quality of life. We analyzed cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPET) in a large cohort of patients with a Fontan circulation. Questionnaires were used to assess health-related quality of life and sporting activity. A total of 79 patients with a median age of 13.0 (6.5 to 34.4) years at CPET were included (female, n = 31). Questionnaires revealed that 80% of patients (n = 63) do leisure sports with 43% (n = 27) exercising more than 2 hours per /week. In a subgroup analysis on pediatric patients (n = 52) we found that nearly all participate in school sports (n = 51) and report good subjective health (n = 48). In the pediatric subgroup, oxygen uptake at the anaerobic threshold and peak oxygen uptake correlated with subjective health (p <0.05) and the amount of leisure sports activity (p <0.01). In the overall cohort, running time and running distance were significantly associated with the hours of sports per week (p <0.01). CPET results did not significantly differ between single right and single left ventricle patients. Furthermore, an open fenestration was not associated with reduced exercise capacity. In conclusion, most patients with a Fontan circulation participate in leisure sports and report good subjective healthiness. In pediatric patients, increased sports activity is associated with better exercise capacity and subjective healthiness.



Source link

EHS
Back to top button