Diastolic function in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and atrial fibrillation: impact of diabetes

Am J Cardiovasc Dis. 2021 Oct 25;11(5):564-575. eCollection 2021.


INTRODUCTION: The objective of our study was to evaluate the severity of diastolic dysfunction in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), atrial fibrillation (AF) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) compared to those with HFpEF and AF without DM.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is an observational, prospective, case-control study. We selected 720 patients with heart failure consecutively admitted between March 2019-December 2020, of whom 253 patients with AF. After applying the inclusion/exclusion criteria, 105 subjects remained in the study. The patients were divided into two groups, according to the presence of T2DM: group A (39 patients with T2DM, 37.14%), group B (66 patients without T2DM, 62.85%). 2D transthoracic echocardiography was performed in all patients. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the hospital. Statistical analysis was performed using R software, version 4.0.2.

RESULTS: Patients with HFpEF, AF, and T2DM had higher LV filling pressures compared to those without DM (OR = 5.00, 95% CI: 1.77-15.19). Moreover, patients with insulin-requiring T2DM (OR = 6.25, 95% CI: 1.50-25.98) had higher LV filling pressures than those treated with oral antidiabetic drugs (OR = 4.44, 95% CI: 1.37-15.17). We demonstrated that patients with T2DM had higher E/e’ ratio (difference -2.78, P 0.0003, 95% CI: -4.24 to -1.31) and lower deceleration time (DT) (difference 23.04, P 0.0002, 95% CI: 11.10-34.97) than those without T2DM.

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with HFpEF, AF and T2DM have higher LV filling pressures than those without T2DM, suggesting that the presence of T2DM leads to a more severe diastolic dysfunction.

PMID:34849288 | PMC:PMC8611268

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