Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors and heart failure: the best timing for the right patient

Heart Fail Rev. 2021 Oct 16. doi: 10.1007/s10741-021-10170-1. Online ahead of print.


Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i), initially born as anti-diabetic drugs, have shown many beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system, in particular against heart failure (HF). HF is a complex and multifaceted disease that requires a comprehensive approach. It should not be considered as a simplistic cardiac disease, but a systemic disease that leads to multisystemic organ failure and death. Exploiting their pleiotropic effects, SGLT2i are a very valid tool for HF treatment. Beyond the indication to reduce HF hospitalization and death risk, in patients with diabetes mellitus at high cardiovascular risk or with established cardiovascular event, SGLT2i administration reported beneficial effects regarding the wide spectrum of HF manifestations and stages, independently by diabetes mellitus presence. Recent evidence focuses on HF rehospitalization, cardiac and all-cause death reduction, as well as symptoms and quality of life improvement, in patients with chronic HF or with a recent HF decompensation episode. Given the recent finding about the SGLT2i usefulness in HF patients, further studies are needed to define the best administration timing to maximize the SGLT2i-derived beneficial effects.

PMID:34654997 | DOI:10.1007/s10741-021-10170-1

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