Acta Cardiol. 2021 Sep 28:1-10. doi: 10.1080/00015385.2021.1948207. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most universal congenital defect disease. This study explores the interrelationship between miR-23b and GTAT6 in the development of CHD.
METHODS: We collected clinical samples and constructed in vitro cell models to evaluate the expression of miR-23b, GATA6, and IGF-1. CHD cell models were constructed by hypoxia in H9C2 cells. The expression levels of GATA6 and IGF-1 in H9C2 cells were determined by western blot and qPCR. MiR-23b was knocked down by transfection miR-23b inhibitor. GATA6 knockdown or overexpression vectors were established by the lentiviral approach and cell transfection, respectively. According to the CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry analysis, the proliferation and apoptosis of H9C2 cells were detected. The binding relationship between GATA6 and miR-23b was detected by luciferase reporter assay.
RESULTS: The expression level of miR-23b was escalated abnormally, while the expression levels of GATA6 and IGF-1 were decreased in the serum of CHD clinical patients and cell models. miR-23b knockdown in H9C2 cells could up-regulate the expression of GATA6, thus improved the proliferation and decreased apoptosis of H9C2 cells. Overexpression of GATA6 could up-regulate IGF-1 to promote proliferation and inhibit apoptosis in H9C2 cells. MiR-23b could target GATA6 and regulated IGF-1, thus affecting cell proliferation and apoptosis.
CONCLUSION: The expression level of miR-23b was remarkably up-regulated in serum of CHD patients and H9C2 cells in vitro, while the expression of GATA6 and IGF-1 was significantly decreased. MiR-23b could influence the proliferation and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes by targeting the down-regulation of the GATA6/IGF-1 axis.