J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2021 Jul 28:S0022-5223(21)01128-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2021.07.029. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and clinical outcomes of transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair (TMVr) and surgical mitral valve repair (SMVr) among patients with secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR).
METHODS: Consecutive patients with SMR treated using either TMVr (n = 199) or SMVr (n = 222) at 2 centers were included and retrospectively analyzed. To account for differences in patient demographic characteristics, 1:1 propensity score matching was performed. The primary endpoint was all-cause death within 2 years after the procedure.
RESULTS: The study population consisted of 202 matched patients. At 2 years, all-cause mortality was 24.3% for TMVr and 23.0% for SMVr (hazard ratio, 0.97; 95% confidence interval, 0.55-1.71; P = .909). Severe heart failure symptoms at 2 years were less prevalent after SMVr (New York Heart Association functional class III or IV: 13.5% vs 29.5%; P = .032) than after TMVr. A higher proportion of the SMVr patients had SMR reduction to none or mild at discharge (90.8% vs 72.0%; P < .001) and 2 years (86.5% vs 59.6%; P < .001). Among patients who achieved none or mild MR at discharge, 7 patients (10.1%) in the SMVr group and 15 (34.9%) in the TMVr group had progression to moderate or greater MR at 2 years (P = .003). Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) significantly improved (+10.1% ± 11.1%; P < .001) after SMVr (LVEF at 2 years: 45.7% ± 12.8%), whereas it remained unchanged (-1.3% ± 8.9%; P = .260) after TMVr (LVEF at 2 years: 34.0% ± 13.2%).
CONCLUSIONS: In this propensity score-matched analysis, there was no significant difference in 2-year survival between TMVr and SMVr, despite greater and more durable SMR reduction, as well as LVEF improvement in the surgical group.