Int J Colorectal Dis. 2021 May 13. doi: 10.1007/s00384-021-03935-5. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Ischemic colitis (IC) occurs when the blood supply of the large intestine becomes compromised. Several cardiovascular conditions, such as coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and atrial fibrillation, are well-established risk factors for the development of IC. The effects of pulmonary conditions, namely chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), on IC have not been well studied.
AIMS: Our aim was to elucidate if the presence of COPD worsened outcomes in patients with IC.
METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients hospitalized with IC in 2016 was evaluated using the National Inpatient Sample database. Baseline demographic data, length of hospital stay (LOS), total hospital cost/charge, rates of colectomy, and in-hospital mortality were extracted from the database. Categorical variables were compared using the chi-square test and continuous variables were compared using the t-test.
RESULTS: A total of 25,035 patients with IC were identified while 4482 of these patients also had COPD. We found that IC patients with COPD had a longer LOS (5.8 days vs 4.4 days; P<0.01), higher total hospital charge ($56,682 vs $42,365; P<0.01), higher total hospital cost ($13,603 vs $10,238; P<0.01), higher mortality rate (6.5% vs 3.1%; P<0.01), and higher colectomy rate (5.1% vs 3.7%; P<0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: The presence of COPD portends poor outcomes in patients with IC. This was evidenced by increased risk of death and increased risk of undergoing colectomy. Given these findings, patients with COPD warrant closer observation. We advocate that COPD be considered as part of the risk assessment of patients with acute IC who need surgical intervention.